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Exploring Contraception

Contraception - what is it all about?

Contraceptives

The term “contraception” refers to a method or device that assists in preventing accidental pregnancy. Contraceptives can be taken orally as a tablet, or can be used during intercourse (such as a condom); there are many different options from which to choose. We are here to help you narrow down the list and figure out which option is best for you.

Oral contraception

“The pill” as most people call it is a contraceptive tablet that ladies take once a day for as long as they want to be protected against accidental pregnancy. These tablets contain hormones such as estrogen and progestin that keep the eggs from leaving the ovaries, making it next to impossible to fall pregnant when having unprotected intercourse. A woman’ cervical mucus thickens as a result of taking the pill, which prevents sperm cells from reaching an egg. This is a convenient method of contraception because it is safe and simple and can have a host of positive side effects such as reduced menstrual cramps, reduction of bad acne, and even protection against pelvic inflammatory disease. There are, however, some uncommon side effects that could appear, including picking up some weight or an increased level of potassium in the blood – which, in turn, could cause heart and health complications.

'Barrier' types of contraception

It is crucial that you follow all product-related instructions (as is the case with oral contraceptives) when it comes to contraceptive ‘devices’. Also, be mindful that the contraceptive device remains properly in place while enjoying sex and different sex positions.

  • Cervical Cap – This is a contraceptive method specifically for females. This is silicone-based cap has a hat-like shape. The cap, along with a spermicide liquid is placed inside the vagina before sex. The cervical cap blocks the entrance to the uterus, meaning sperm cannot join with an egg, while the spermicide liquid destroys sperm, making the risk of falling pregnant less likely. A cervical cap is convenient in that it is small and easy enough to carry around in your pocket, and when it is being used it can hardly be felt by your partner. It also has no effect on your natural hormones, but it can’t be used during menstruation. It can sometimes be a hassle to ensure the cap is properly in place before intercourse, and it could possibly even cause vaginal irritation if not inserted correctly.
  • Female Condom – This contraceptive acts like pocket that is inserted into the vagina just before sex in order to collect pre-cum and semen. It has flexible rings at each end, with one keeping the pouch in place in the vagina, while the other stays outside the vaginal opening during intercourse.
  • Morning-after pill – This is an emergency form of contraceptive that is used after intercourse. This pill works to prevent or delay ovulation after you’ve had sex by stopping the egg from being fertilized. The trouble is that the pill must be taken within the first 72 hours after intercourse – the sooner the better. The pill can likely cause some unpleasant side effects such as nausea, fatigue, or abdominal pain.

Condoms

Condoms as a contraceptive can be very effective, but need to be put on correctly to achieve maximum effectiveness. Putting a condom on correctly can be part of foreplay, and can actually be very enjoyable for both parties. Condoms are designed to stop a man’s semen from entering their sexual partner, and therefore minimizing the risk of accidental impregnation. Durex has a whole range of condoms that can spice up your sex life, so there is really no excuse not to be safe when having sex.

Though contraceptives may seem like a hassle at times, they are a necessary precaution if you want to avoid accidental pregnancy. The best way to approach contraceptives is to try out a few different options until you find the one that works the best for you and your partner.

Sources:

Planned Parenthood Birth Control

NHS

Web MD

Planned Parenthood Cervical Cap

Planned Parenthood Female Condoms